PolyMide™ is a family of Nylon/polyamide based filaments. Produced with Polymaker’s Warp-Free™ technology, PolyMide™ filaments deliver engineering properties intrinsic to Nylon and ease of printing. PolyMide™ PA6-CF is a carbon fiber reinforced PA6 (Nylon 6) filament. The carbon fiber reinforcement provides significantly improved stiffness, strength and heat resistance with outstanding layer adhesion.
We highly recommend to use a wear resistant nozzle, to print with the PolyBox™ and to keep it at dry conditions (relative humidity of 15% or less) at all times to maintain the best printing results.
PolyMide™ PA6-CF features Fiber Adhesion™ and Warp-free™ technology
Warp-Free™ - Warp-Free™ technology enables the production of Nylon-based filaments that can be 3D printed with excellent dimensional stability and near-zero warpage. This is achieved by the fine control of microstructure and crystallization behaviour of Nylon, which enables the material to fully release the internal stress before solidification. The Warp-Free™ technology in PolyMide™ PA6-CF is designed to work best with minimal bed temperatures.
Fiber Adhesion™ - Fiber Adhesion™ technology improves the layer adhesion of fiber reinforced materials, by optimizing the surface chemistry of the fibers to achieve better dispersion and bonding to the matrix. This results in better strength along the Z-axis and reduced mechanical anisotropy.
Click the 'Quality & Technologies' tab to learn more about this technology.
Excellent Stiffness & Strength - Featuring a tensile modulus of 7.4 GPA on the XY axis and 4.3 GPA on the Z axis, PolyMide™ PA6-CF is well suited for high performance industrial and engineering applications. PolyMide™ PA6-CF combines extreme stiffness and best-in-class tensile strength.
Excellent Heat Resistance - Featuring a heat deflection temperature of up to 215°C, this material lends itself perfectly to functioning automotive applications where strength and heat resistance are required.
Outstanding Layer Adhesion - All other brands of fiber reinforced material show a decrease in z-axis layer adhesion when compared with their non-fiber reinforced Nylons, producing a part that is only stronger on the X-Y axis but detrimental to the Z axis. Polymakers new technology in PolyMide™ PA6-CF not only solves this problem but actually increases Z axis tensile strength creating more isotropic parts that are strong in every direction.
Wear Resistant and Tough - Parts printed in PolyMide™ PA6-CF display excellent toughness and wear resistant properties.
ESD Safe - PolyMide™ PA6-CF is an ESD safe material making it a suitable candidate for printing electronic jigs and fixtures
Improved Printability – Unlike many other Nylon filaments, PolyMide™ PA6-CF is extremely easy to work with, exhibiting excellent dimensional stability. It is compatible with most filament-based 3D printers with no heated bed or chamber required!
Uncompromised Quality - Polymakers leading quality control process and rigorous in-house testing ensure reliable printing and consistency across spools and batches.
To learn more about PolyMide™ PA6-CF, click the "Why people are using it", "Quality & Technologies" and "Specifications & FAQ" tabs.
The Industrial range of products provide engineering grade materials to unlock the use of 3d printing in multiple industries for new applications. Industrial products can require specific equipment and skills.
Nylon also known as Polyamide (PA) is one of the most popular engineering grade plastics used across a wide range of industries. Nylon 6 is an excellent matrix material for composites like carbon fiber which enhance stiffness, strength and heat resistance.
When compared to other Nylon 6 carbon fiber filaments, PolyMide™ PA6-CF offers some significant advantages.
- Best stiffness, strength, toughness and wear resistance.
- Excellent heat resistance (215°C).
- Outstanding layer adhesion (Fiber Adhesion™ technology)
- Outstanding dimensional stability when compared to other Nylon materials (Warp-Free™ technology)
Carbon fiber reinforcement provides significant stiffness, tensile strength and improved layer ahdesion with Polymakers Fiber adhesion™ technology.
Carbon fiber filled nylon materials suffer from poor layer-adhesion; losing up to 40% of their z axis tensile strength when compared with unreinforced nylon. To solve this issue, Polymaker exclusively developed their Fiber adhesion™ technology, which optimizes the surface chemistry of the fibers to achieve better dispersion and bonding to Nylon 6, resulting in improved layer adhesion when compared to unreinforced nylon.
Bracket 3D printed in PolyMide™ PA6-CF
Combined with Polymakers Warp-free™ technology, manufacturers can reliably print more isotropic and dimensionally accurate parts with PolyMide™ PA6-CF without requiring a heated bed or chamber.
The carbon fiber reinforcement provides significantly improved stiffness, ESD protection, strength and heat resistance without affecting z-axis layer adhesion. Featuring a heat deflection temperature of up to 215°C, this material lends itself perfectly to research, aerospace, automotive, and manufacturing industries where strength and heat resistance are required.
HP Star scientists utilize PolyMide™ PA6-CF for custom lab equipment.
HP Star is a high-pressure research laboratory investigating environments that mimic conditions found at the core of our solar system’s largest planets.
PolyMide™ PA6-CF is their material of choice to 3D print cell holders containing cells which provide significant clamping force. The material requirements for these cell holders are very demanding as the localised pressure and temperature within the chamber can reach 400 GPa and over 3800°C. While this immense pressure and temperature is very localised within the cells and only occurs for a short period of time, the material of the cell holders still needs to be very rigid and heat resistant to produce reliable experiments. With PolyMide™ PA6-CF, HP star can 3D print incredibly stiff, superior and more formative lab equipment which would otherwise require a 2 - 3 week lead time to manufacture.
Door Handle for LSEV Electric Car
PolyMide™ PA6-CF is one of few high temperature industrial materials that can be 3D printed at large scales without a heated bed or chamber. XEV are an automotive manufacturer utilizing Polymakers warp-free™ technology to 3D print all visible parts of the car aside from the chassis, seats and glass in Polymakers PolyMide™ family of materials. With 3D printing, XEV have reduced the number of components in their car from 2,000 down to 57 and have cut development costs by 90% and development time by 70%.
XEV are using PolyMide™ PA6-CF to print parts which require excellent stiffness like the the door handle. To overcome to complexity of these parts, XEV print the door handles with soluble supports using PolyDissolve™ S1, a dedicated soluble support material which bonds and interfaces perfectly with PolyMide™ PA6-CF. PolyDissolve™ S1 is engineered to bond with a wide variety of filament types from Polymakers portfolio.
Polymaker is an international team passionate about 3D printing. They produce the very best 3D printing materials by controlling every stage of production. With a diverse portfolio of materials ranging from high performance plastics to unique aesthetic solutions, Polymaker will continue to add cutting edge materials to its ever-growing portfolio.
At the core of Polymaker is their research & development laboratory, this is where all Polymakers materials are formulated and fine-tuned from the ground up to create the best in class 3D printing materials. Our precision testing equipment combines the latest advancements in technology to ensure they are ahead of the game.
Nylon is one of the most popular engineering materials in the manufacturing world, its excellent mechanical and thermal properties has helped Nylon infiltrate a variety of industries. In the additive manufacturing world, Nylon materials haven’t been as popular as they have a tendency to warp when 3D Printed. Warping is a common issue when printing higher temperature filaments (ABS, PC) without the right temperature requirements however unlike ABS and PC, the reason Nylon warps is related to crystallization rate and thus the warping is not easily controlled or prevented with printer settings / heated environments.
To combat this effect Polymaker have developed Warp-Free™ technology. The secret behind this technology is the fine controlling of the materials microstructure and the crystallization behaviour of the polymer chains. This effect results in all the internal stress that’s caused when printing to be fully released before solidification. This allows users to print on a cold bed; creating a printed part with superior flatness.
Please note this technology works best with minimal bed temperatures, Polymaker have developed the Warp-Free™ technology so users can effectively print with improved reliability without requiring an industrial 3D printer. Printing PolyMide™ PA6-CF with a high temperature heated bed or heated chamber is not recommended as the kinetic energy will cause parts to crystallize faster during printing, circumventing the technology and sometimes resulting in warping.
Fiber Adhesion™ technology
Fiber Adhesion™ Technology improves the layer adhesion of fiber reinforced materials, by optimizing the surface chemistry of the fibers to achieve better dispersion and bonding to the polyamide matrix. This results in better strength along the Z-axis and reduced mechanical anisotropy when compared to a pure Nylon PA6 printed parts. This in-house technology was developed exclusively to combat the problem of adding fibers to filaments. All other brand fiber reinforced materials show a decrease in z-axis layer adhesion when compared with their non-fiber reinforced Nylons producing a part that is only stronger on the X-Y axis but detrimental to the Z axis. Polymaker’s new technology not only solves this problem but actually increases Z axis tensile strength creating more isotropic parts that are strong in every direction.
Industry Leading Quality Control
PolyMide™ PA6-CF like all other Polymaker materials is manufactured using state-of-the-art polymer processing technologies and equipment. Polymakers rigorous quality control process ensures industrial standards of reliability for a consistent customer experience.
Tolerance: Polymakers custom developed extrusion, control and monitoring solutions ensure filament tolerance and roundness meet Polymakers strict quality standards.
Reliable Mechanical, Colouring & Printing Properties: Every batch of filament products are tested to ensure all quality specs (melt flow, softening point, mechanical, diameter, round-ness) are met.
Drying & Vacuum Sealing: Before packaging, PolyMide™ PA6-CF is dried to a moisture level <0.05w% to ensure the best printing quality and filaments are vacuum sealed to protect the filament from moisture. All vacuum packaged products are left for 24 hours before boxing to ensure they are leak-free.
Resealable Aluminium Foil Bag: PolyMide™ PA6-CF is packaged in a vacuum sealed aluminium foil resealable bag to ensure your filament is moisture free. Like all other Nylon based filaments, PolyMide™ PA6-CF is hygroscopic so we recommend keeping this bag for filament storage.
||280˚C - 300˚C *
|Build surface treatment
||Almost any surface with a thin coat of PVA glue
|Build plate temperature
||25˚C – 50˚C (Do NOT exceed 50 ˚C)
|Recommended support material (optional)
* We highly recommend to use a wear resistant nozzle. Brass nozzles give a better thermal conductivity than hardened nozzles such as stainless steel so depending on your 3D printer, printing with extrusion temperatures closer to 300°C may be required when using specialty nozzles to ensure the correct extrusion temperature is achieved.
Note: Based on 0.4 mm nozzle and Simplify 3D v.3.1. Printing conditions may vary with different printers and nozzle diameters
Storage & Drying: We recommend that the material be used with the PolyBox™ to keep the filament at dry conditions (relative humidity of 15% or less) to maintain the best printing results. When not in use PolyMide™ PA6-CF should be stored away from sunlight in the packaged resealable bag. If the filament does absorb moisture, spools can be dried in a preheated convection oven at 80˚C for up to 12 hours. Results may vary depending on the accuracy of your oven so please be conservative. For more information about filament drying please read our user guide.
PolyMide™ PA6-CF printed parts can be annealed in an oven after printing to maximize mechanical performance and heat resistance.
In some rare cases with fine or thin geometries, different annealing instructions or design considerations may be required for the best results.
||Fiber Adhesion™ and Warp-Free™ Technology
Mechanical Properties (DRY STATE)
Young’s modulus (X-Y): 7453 ± 656 (MPa)
Young’s modulus (Z): 4354 ± 206 (MPa)
Tensile strength (X-Y): 105.0 ± 5.0 (MPa)
Tensile strength (Z): 67.7 ± 4.7 (MPa)
Bending strength (X-Y): 169.0 ± 4.7 (MPa)
Charpy impact strength (X-Y): 13.34 ± 0.52 (kJ/m2)
Mechanical Properties (MOISTURE CONDITIONED)
Young’s modulus (X-Y): 5666.07 ± 469.67 (MPa)
Young’s modulus (Z): 4713.82 ± 282.70 (MPa)
Tensile strength (X-Y): 81.72 ± 6.0 (MPa)
Tensile strength (Z): 64.38 ± 5.64 (MPa)
Bending strength (X-Y): 152.2 ± 15.57 (MPa)
Charpy impact strength (X-Y): 32.83 ±1.03 (kJ/m2)
Heat Deflection Temperature (ISO 75 0.45 MPa): 215 ˚C
Heat Deflection Temperature (ISO 75 1.8 MPa): 196 ˚C
Melting Temperature: 220 °C
Note: All specimens were annealed prior to testing.
We have full safety data sheets and technical data sheets for PolyMide™ PA6-CF and all other Polymaker products. Contact us to enquire!
The typical values presented in Polymakers data sheet are intended for reference and comparison purposes only. Due to the nature of 3D printing they should not be used for design specifications or quality control purposes.
PolyMide™ PA6-CF has been engineered so users can print strong carbon fiber filled parts with excellent layer-adhesion. As the carbon fiber in this material is highly abrasive we recommend customers first check that their 3D printer is equipped to print abrasive materials before purchasing this product.
Aside from wear resistance, there are a few important considerations for this material that we recommend.
Reinforced filaments tend to be much stiffer than other standard filaments and this can cause problems when passing the filament through a printer’s feeding system. For a steady and uninterrupted flow of filament, it is recommended to take extra care and make sure your filament guide system is smooth and with minimal bends. Brass nozzles give a better thermal conductivity than hardened nozzles such as stainless steel. Depending on your 3D printer, printing with extrusion temperatures closer to 300°C may be required when using specialty nozzles to ensure the correct extrusion temperature is achieved.
Of course with thousands of unique 3d printer models on the market, we can't guarantee each filament type will work with every 3D printer.
Q: Can I print this material without wear resistant hardware (nozzle etc.)?
A: PolyMide™ PA6-CF contains 20% chopped carbon fibers by weight which makes it very abrasive. It is important to have an abrasion resistant nozzle and hardware when printing this material. PolyMide™ PA6-CF can easily damage a brass nozzle after a few hundred grams of printing. Hardened nozzles are more expensive than regular brass nozzle so it is important to consider the amount of materials planned to be used. For some users it may be more cost effective to destroy one nozzle for some prints, but please note users are responsible for all printer 'wear and tear'.
Q: How well does Polymakers Warp-Free™ technology perform?
A: With Polymakers Warp-Free technology, more users can effectively print Carbon-fiber nylon with better dimensional stability than comparative nylon products. This technology works best when printing with low bed/chamber temperatures. Because the warping behavior of Nylon materials is partially related to its crystallization rate while printing. If a user does print with a high temperature heated bed or chamber, the heat will increase the crystallization rate and cause a part to warp.
Q: Is annealing PolyMide PA6-CF required?
A: After printing, annealing PolyMide™ PA6-CF prints will ensure the highest degree of crystallinity. This is a recommended step as it allows end users to get the best properties and performance from their parts. PolyMide™ PA6-CF can be annealed in a convection oven at 90˚C for 2 hours. Of course annealing may not be required for applications that don't require the best thermal or mechanical properties. In some rare cases with fine or thin geometries, different annealing instructions or design considerations may be required for the best results.
Q: Will this filament absorb moisture?
A: Yes, Polyamides are hygroscopic, meaning that they absorb moisture from the air. We recommend keeping your spool of PolyMide™ PA6-CF dry as moisture can significantly reduce mechanical properties and cause print defects such as oozing and poor surface quality. To manage moisture absorption in your filaments, it is recommended to use the PolyBox™ which provides a stable, low level humidity storage solution for filaments during and in-between printing. If PolyMide™ PA6-CF appears to have absorbed too much moisture, they can be dried in a preheated convection oven for 12 hours at 80˚C.
Q: What support materials can I use with this product?
A: Polymaker’s PolyDissolve™ S1 filament is the recommended support filament for PolyMide™ PA6-CF. If support material is required for a print, it is recommended to monitor print settings and quality for oozing and stringing; as this can dramatically affect the mechanical properties of the print. Self-support can also be used however, it is important to remove the support structures straight after printing, as prolonged exposure to atmospheric humidity can cause the support to strongly adhere to the printed part.
Don't know where to start? Or which filament will suit your application? We have a broad range of support options including telephone support. Contact us today!