Polymaker Polysher (Post-processing machine)

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The innovative Polysher improves the surface finish with a smooth and glossy surface with Polymakers nebulized polyshing technology! This product is compatible with PolySmooth & PolyCast filament.

AUD ($495.00 Incl Gst) $450.00 Ex Gst
AUD ($595.00 Incl Gst) $540.91 Ex Gst
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The innovative new Polymaker Polysher™ changes how we see 3D Printed parts by replacing those ugly layer lines with a smooth and glossy 3D printed surface! The Polysher™ generates an aerosol of isopropyl alcohol / ethanol which smooths the surface of printed parts. Thanks to its sealed, simple and smart design, the Polysher™ is safe, clean and affordable!

Ever since the introduction of 3D Printing, there has been a demand to improve the surface finish and appearance of their FDM 3D Printed parts. Extrusion based 3D printed parts are left with a rough surface finish and layer lines. There are smoothing methods such as vapor smoothing but these methods are extremely dangerous and haven't been adopted by many schools, workplaces and household users due to the inconsistent results intrinsic to the process and related safety concerns. Polymaker have written an article comparing the benefits their Polysher technology with vapour smoothing.

UPDATED NEBULIZER & 2018 UPDATES

The Polysher™ has been updated to include Polymakers new and improved membrane optimized nebulizer for a higher output and better user experience along with updated firmware and an improved gasket.

Achieve a professional smooth glossy finish for your 3D Printed parts

The Polysher™ is Polymakers post processing solutions designed to improve the surface finish of 3D Printed parts the quickly, safely and most importantly with reliable and consistent results. The Polysher™ is a sealed and airtight machine that uses a liquid phase process to smooth PolySmooth™ and PolyCast™ printed parts after they have been printed on your 3D printer. The polishing process involves exposing the 3D printed part to an aerosol (a suspension of micro-sized droplets) of alcohol. These microdroplets of alcohol land on the part in a controlled environment and smooth the rough surface, leaving behind a beautiful smooth and glossy finish. The Polyshers™ rotating platform ensures even smoothing across the model and with a typical Polyshing time between 10-20 minutes high details are effortlessly maintained. With the Polysher™, your 3D printed parts and prototypes can now look like injection molded parts.

For users interested in achieving a matte finish they can spray their polyshed part with a thin layer of matte paint!

The Polysher™ can polish parts up to a 15 cm x 18 cm (diameter x height) cylinder and smoothing typically takes between 20-40 minutes depending on the size and environmental temperature.

Compatible Materials

PolySmooth™: To work with the Polysher™, Polymaker developed their innovative PolySmooth™ filament which was formulated by Polymakers experienced engineers to offer excellent printing quality, balanced mechanical properties and most importantly can be post-processed in the Polysher™! PolySmooth™ is designed in print in similar conditions to PLA so it is easy to print and compatible with existing extrusion based 3D Printers.  

PolyCast™: PolyCast™ is the first 3D printing filament designed specifically for metal investment casting. Most polymers leave residues when they decompose – this is a problem for investment casting and can lead to defects on the metal parts.  Polymaker engineered the material to ensure that it decomposes completely at T > 600 C, leaving a clean mold ready for casting. Like PolySmooth™, PolyCast™ can be polyshed in the Polysher™ to achieve a smooth surface which is critical to ensure the quality of metal parts 

ABS and PLA are not alcohol soluble filaments so you will be unable to smooth parts printed in these materials however PolySmooth™ can be a fantastic replacement for ABS and PLA for some applications. 

Tech behind the Polysher

The aerosol of IPA (isopropyl alcohol) is generated by a unit called the nebulizer, which consists of a thin membrane with hundreds of tiny (< 10 microns) holes, attached to a piezoelectric actuator.  When actuated, the nebulizer will generate a fine aerosol of micro-sized alcohol droplets, which will then adsorb onto the surface of the 3D printed part and eventually make it smooth.  Everything is done seamlessly and effortlessly in the Polysher™.

One of the core aspects of this technology is Polymakers compatible PolySmooth™ filament which was developed alongside the Polysher™. PolySmooth™ is a first of its kind filament specifically designed for layer free post processing with IPA.

Polymakers technology is intrinsically safer than other smoothing techniques
- No heating is involved 
- The nebulizer technology requires only a very small reservoir 
- It is a liquid-phase polishing rather than vapor-phase polishing process (the latter is more dangerous for a number of reasons)

Polymaker have also implemented a number of safety features into the machine: 
- Multiple sensors to detect any sign of malfunction of the nebulizer (e.g. running dry) 
- Chamber open/close sensor (the machine won’t start if the chamber is open, and will automatically terminate if the chamber is accidentally open during polishing) 
- All electronic components (running at very low voltages) are properly sealed, and no spark can be generated inside the chamber.

Easy to use

•    3D print your part with PolySmooth (sold separately), just like what you normally do with PLA; 
•    Place the printed part in the Polysher;
•    Set the polishing time by turning the knob; a typical part takes 10 - 30 minutes, depending on the size and environmental temperature; 
•    Once polishing is finished, the stage will automatically lift up for you to easily get the part. 
Operating the Polysher is that easy! 

In addition, the liquid reservoir of the Polysher needs to be filled with alcohol.  Suitable alcohols are: 

Isopropyl alcohol (also known as isopropanol) 
Ethanol with concentrations of no less than 70% (90% or higher recommended).
You can choose whatever is more easily available for you.

NOTE - Do not fill the reservoir with other liquids or solvents other than isopropyl alcohol or ethanol! This will damage the Polysher.

The Results

The Polysher and PolySmooth are the solution to an issue that had plagued extrusion based 3D Printing, layer lines.

Polymaker PolySmooth

Assorted examples of things after post processing in the Polysher

Before and after smoothing; Pirate printed in PolySmooth Jet Black

Polymaker PolySmooth

Universal joint cuppling printed in PolySmooth PVB Slate Grey

Polymaker Polysmooth

Before and after smoothing: Universal joint cuppling printed in PolySmooth PVB Slate Grey 

3D Printed Qing Vase, Printed in PolySmooth PVB Snow White, polished and painted - See Applications tab to learn more

3D Printed Qing Vase, Close UP Photo - See Applications to learn more

Figurine printed in PolySmooth PVB Beige and smoothed in the Polysher

Before and after smoothing: Caterpillars printed in PolySmooth PVB Skintone Pink and Electric Blue 

Chess Pieces printed in PolySmooth PVB and polished in the Polysher

Polymaker PolySmooth

Human head printed in PolySmooth PVB Skintone Pink and smoothed in the Polysher

Desktop Fishtank printed in PolySmooth PVB Transparent and PolySmooth PVB Shamrock Green and Polished in the Polysher.
Transparent container printed with 1 shell in vase mode providing glass like transparency.

Snowmen printed in PolySmooth PVB Transparent. Once the outer shell is completely transparent, you can achieve different effects with infill percentages and even by changing the style of infill. These snowmen below show just some of the possibilities with the Polysher and PolySmooth Transparent.

Infil settings from Let to right
Mustard Yellow Hat: 10% Triangular, Electric Blue Hat: 10% HoneyComb, Coral Red Hat: 50% Triangular, Shamrock Green Hat: 50% Honeycomb.

Does the Polysher work with Acetone?

No. The Polysher is designed to only use alcohol or alcohol solutions (with concentrations of 70% or higher) as the polishing liquid. Do not use acetone with the Polysher as Polymaker do not recommend other liquids/solvents other than isopropanol or ethanol. Acetone or other solvents will damage the Polysher and void warranty.

Can I smooth my PLA and ABS printed parts?

The Polysher is designed to only work with an Alcohol Soluble filament like PolySmooth PVB; in addition PLA and ABS are not polishable with alcohol.

Is the Polysher a 3D Printer?

No, the Polysher is not a 3D printer, you will still need an FDM extrusion based machine to use this product. 

What size parts can I smooth with the Polysher?

You can smooth parts up to a 15 cm x 18 cm (diameter x height) cylinder.

Is the Polysher Safe?

The short answer is yes. Polymaker have taken many steps to ensure their technology is intrinsically safer.
- No heating is involved 
- The nebulizer technology requires only a very small reservoir 
- It is a liquid-phase polishing rather than vapor-phase polishing process (the latter is more dangerous for a number of reasons)

Polymaker have also implemented a number of safety features into the machine: 
- Multiple sensors to detect any sign of malfunction of the nebulizer (e.g. running dry) 
- Chamber open/close sensor (the machine won’t start if the chamber is open, and will automatically terminate if the chamber is accidentally open during polishing) 
- All electronic components (running at very low voltages) are properly sealed, and no spark can be generated inside the chamber.

Specs

Technology - Nebulized Aerosol Polishing

Compatible Material - PolySmooth™

Polishing Liquid - Isopropanol or ethanol, 70% or above [90% or higher recommended]

Polishing Time - 10 – 30 min typical (depending on part size)

Product Dimensions - 230 x 270 x 370 mm

Maximum Polishable Part Size - Up to a 150 mm (diameter) x 180 mm (height) cylinder [5.9 in (diameter) x 7.1 in (height)]

Operating Temperature - 15 – 32 °C

Storage Temperature - 0 – 38 °C

Power Requirements - 100 – 240 V, 2A max, 50/60 Hz

This page will continue to be updated.

Painting and 3D Printed Art

Artist Tian Tian, the Director of Digital Media Art Design at Aurora College in Shanghai has found a way to utilise PolyMakers new PolySher smoothing technology as a solution to help express her art. In Tian Tian’s spare time she likes Qing vase painting, an old tradition that dates back to the 13th century. The beautiful results of Qing vase painting require skilled artists with very fine brush movements. To ensure this detail is captured, the artists need a very smooth surface to paint on as not to disrupt their brush strokes. With the PolySher and PolySmooth, Tian Tian is no longer plagued by the layer lines and unsmooth surface of 3D Printing allowing her combine Qing vase painting with the technology of today. Each vase is meticulously painted, and Tian Tian spends between 24-32 hours to complete each vase.

PolySmooth creates the perfect surface for high details painting. Furthermore with 3D printing I can explore new designs and vase geometries bringing this traditional art into the 21st century” – Tian Tian, Director of Digital Media Art Design, Aurora College 

Computational Hydrographic Printing

Polymaker collaborated with professor Kun Zhou’s lab at Zhejiang University to study the application of the PolySher / PolySmooth with computational hydrographic printing. Traditional hydrographic printing has been limited in the past to using repetitive patterns due to the almost impossible task of lining up the model with the details on the print. Prof. Zhou’s Lab have developed software that can turn a 3D surface into a 2D Map. Using a conventional 2D printer and PVA Film; you can control with a very high degree of accuracy exactly where the print will go onto the surface. 
Using the PolySher is the prefect solution for this application allowing the 3D Printed model to have a smooth layer free surface which greatly facilitates the hydrographic printing process and the PolySmooth model bonds strongly to the ink without any prior surface treatment.

These two technologies allow creators and manufacturers to produce high quality, full colour products with desktop 3D Printing. The technology of computational hydrographic printing is still maturing and in time it will hit the market.

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